Meeting Multiple Sustainability Goals: Non-Motorized Access and Non-Work Trip Usage on Public Transit

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - north america, policy - sustainable, policy - equity


non-motorized access, non-work trips, public transit, sustainability


Transit designed to serve multiple trip types accessed without vehicles can meet social and environmental sustainability goals simultaneously. Seventeen representative U.S. cities are used to examine transit systems with high non-motorized access and use for non-work trips. Non-parametric tests are used to determine correlations with indicators of social and environmental sustainability. The median income of riders is significant and negative for both variables. Higher non-work usage and non-motorized access does not imply that social and environmental goals are met. Higher-income riders are needed to meet both goals, but having high-income riders does not ensure social goals are met.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Taylor & Francis, copyright remains with them.