Light Rail Rapid Transit systems for more sustainable ground accessibility of airports


Milan Janic

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

mode - tram/light rail, place - europe, planning - environmental impact, operations - capacity


Light Rail Rapid Transit (LRRT), airport, ground accessibility, externalities, mitigation


This paper investigates the potential of Light Rail Rapid Transit (LRRT) to mitigate the environmental and social burden of ground access systems of an airport. This implies, on the one hand, LRRT's capability in mitigating externalities in terms of noise, air pollution/climate change, traffic incidents/accidents and congestion of airport ground access systems and, on the other, the provision of sufficient capacity to accommodate generally increasing volumes of both air passenger and airport employee demand by connecting the airport to its core catchment area. A methodology for assessing the capability of LRRT operating as an airport ground access system is developed. This methodology consists of models to analyze and predict demand and capacity for an LRRT system and models to quantify the externalities of particular airport ground access systems as well as assessing their prospective savings thanks to the introduction of an LRRT system. The methodology is applied to a large European airport – Amsterdam Schiphol (the Netherlands) – using a ‘what-if?’ scenario approach.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Taylor and Francis, copyright remains with them.