Estimation of a disaggregate multimodal public transport Origin–Destination matrix from passive smartcard data from Santiago, Chile

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - south america, technology - automatic vehicle monitoring, technology - ticketing systems


OD matrix, Smartcard data, Automatic vehicle location


A high-quality Origin–Destination (OD) matrix is a fundamental prerequisite for any serious transport system analysis. However, it is not always easy to obtain it because OD surveys are expensive and difficult to implement. This is particularly relevant in large cities with congested networks, where detailed zonification and time disaggregation require large sample sizes and complicated survey methods. Therefore, the incorporation of information technology in some public transport systems around the world is an excellent opportunity for passive data collection. In this paper, we present a methodology for estimating a public transport OD matrix from smartcard and GPS data for Santiago, Chile. The proposed method is applied to two 1-week datasets obtained for different time periods. From the data available, we obtain detailed information about the time and position of boarding public transportation and generate an estimation of time and position of alighting for over 80% of the boarding transactions. The results are available at any desired time–space disaggregation. After some post-processing and after incorporating expansion factors to account for unobserved trips, we build public transport OD matrices.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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