Rail integrated communities in Tokyo
mode - rail, place - asia, land use - smart growth, organisation - privatisation, land use - urban density
Tokyo, rail, transit oriented design, rail integrated community (RIC)
oriented developments (TOD), the term rail integrated community (RIC) has been created to describe these high density, safe, mixed-use, pedestrian-friendly developments around railway stations that act as community hubs, served by frequent, all-day, rail rapid transit and are accessed primarily on foot, by bicycle, or by public transit. Japanese private railways have been instrumental in creating these RICs. Though they receive little financial support from the government, private railways in Japan achieve profitability by diversifying into real estate, retail, and numerous other businesses. Tokyu Corporation is used as the case study to exemplify how government policy and socioeconomic context contributed to the successful private railway model. Ten indicators, such as ridership, population density and mode share are used to analyze two stations created by Tokyu to demonstrate how this model is manifested in Tokyu’s rail integrated communities.
Permission to publish the abstract and link to the article has been given by Journal of Transport and Land Use, copyright remains with them.
Calimente, J. (2012). Rail integrated communities in Tokyo. Journal of Transport and Land Use, Vol 5, (1), pp. 19-32.