Equity Aspects in Transportation Projects: Case Study of Transit Fare Change in Haifa

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

policy - equity, policy - fares, place - europe


equity, evaluation, fare, impact, public transit


This paper analyzes the equity effects of transit fare integration by evaluating its impacts on different groups of riders through a case study of the city of Haifa in Israel. Vertical equity was analyzed using descriptive statistics to determine the distribution of the fare change among various groups of riders. The Lorenz curve and the Gini index were used to analyze whether the fare change was equally distributed. While the Gini index showed that the fare change was not equally distributed, the vertical analysis indicated that disadvantage passengers benefited most from the reform.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Taylor&Francis, copyright remains with them.