Road safety issues for bus transport management
mode - bus, organisation - management, organisation - workforce planning, planning - safety/accidents
Bus, crash, survey, safety
Because of the low percentage of crashes involving buses and the assumption that public transport improves road safety by reducing vehicular traffic, public interest in bus safety is not as great as that in the safety of other types of vehicles. It is possible that less attention is paid to the significance of crashes involving buses because the safety level of bus systems is considered to be adequate.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the knowledge and perceptions of bus managers with respect to safety issues and the potential effectiveness of various technologies in achieving higher safety standards. Bus managers were asked to give their opinions on safety issues related to drivers(training, skills, performance evaluation and behavior), vehicles (maintenance and advanced devices) and roads (road and traffic safety issues) in response to a research survey.
Kendall's algorithm was used to evaluate the level of concordance.
The results showed that the majority of the proposed items were considered to have great potential for improving bus safety.
The data indicated that in the experience of the participants, passenger unloading and pedestrians crossing near bus stops are the most dangerous actions with respect to vulnerable users.
The final results of the investigation showed that start inhibition, automatic door opening, and the materials and internal architecture of buses were considered the items most strongly related to bus passenger safety. Brake assistance and vehicle monitoring systems were also considered to be very effective.
With the exception of driver assistance systems for passenger and pedestrian safety, the perceptions of the importance of other driver assistance systems for vehicle monitoring and bus safety were not unanimous among the bus company managers who participated in this survey. The study results showed that the introduction of new technologies is perceived as an important factor in improving bus safety, but a better understanding of their actual effectiveness and related risk factor avoidance must be developed to permit their useful implementation in bus fleets.
Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.
Cafiso, S., Di Graziano, A., & Pappalardo, G. (2013). Road safety issues for bus transport management. Accident Analysis & Prevention, Article in Press, corrected copy.