Bicycle-Transit Integration in the United States, 2001–2009


Rui Wang
Chen Liu

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

mode - bike, mode - bus, mode - rail, place - north america, land use - urban density


bicycle-transit integration, bus, rail, high desnity


This paper analyzes the recent trend in bicycle-transit integration in the U.S. It reviews data from the National Household Travel Surveys (NHTS) to show the characteristics of bicycle-transit integrated trips, where the integrators were from, and to which population groups the integrators belonged. Bicycle-transit integration was increasingly observed in commuters and younger travelers, and became more imbalanced by gender. Results indicate the rise in socio-economic diversity of bicycle-transit integrators, despite a racial gap. There was a clear concentration of bicycle-transit integrators in large and high-density urban areas, where most transit users lived. Evidence does not support that rail attracts more bike access/egress trips than bus. More transit users used bicycles to access/egress in the Pacific, East North Central, and Mountain regions. Given the non-trivial role of bicycles compared to transit in the U.S., the focus on bicycle use and the marriage between bicycle and transit should be further emphasized - See more at:


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by The Journal of Public Transportation, copyright remains with them.