Local Funding Options for Public Transportation


Todd Litman

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

economics - appraisal/evaluation, mode - mass transit, place - north america, economics - fare revenue, economics - revenue


local funding, appraisal/evaluation


This report evaluates eighteen potential local funding options suitable to help finance public transit or other transportation projects and services. They are evaluated according to eight criteria, including potential revenue, predictability and sustainability, horizontal and vertical equity, travel impacts, strategic development objectives, public acceptance and ease of implementation. This is a somewhat larger set of options, and more detailed and systematic evaluation, than most previous studies of this type. This research discovered no new options that are particularly cost effective and easy to implement; each has disadvantages and constraints. As a result, the overall conclusion of this study is that a variety of funding options should be used to help finance the local share of transportation improvements to insure stability and distribute costs broadly.


Permission to link to this report has been given by The Victoria Transport Policy Institute, copyright remains with them.