Advancing from Efficiency to Sustainability in Swedish Medium-sized Cities: An Approach for Recommending Powertrains and Energy Carriers for Public Bus Transport Systems

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

mode - bus, place - europe, planning - environmental impact, planning - integration, policy - sustainable, technology - emissions


Electric bus, Life cycle assessment, Greenhouse gas emissions


European national, regional, and local authorities have started to take action to make public bus transport services more effective and less polluting. Some see the possibility to move beyond a narrow focus on efficiency or carbon dioxide reductions towards an integrated sustainability perspective. This paper uses this perspective to build and test a new assessment approach that should enhance decisions on bus transport powertrains and energy carriers for Swedish medium-sized cities. The study suggests that a superiority of electric powertrains is revealed if a traditional economic analysis is integrated with a strategic sustainability perspective.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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