Where to park? A behavioural comparison of bus Park and Ride and city centre car park usage in Bath, UK
mode - bus, mode - park and ride, place - europe, place - urban, ridership - behaviour, policy - parking, policy - sustainable, planning - surveys
Transport policy, Park and Ride, Parking, Sustainable mobility, Travel behaviour, Public transport
Integrating car parking facilities with public transport in Park and Ride (P&R) facilities has the potential to shorten car trips, contributing to more sustainable mobility. There is an ongoing debate about the actual effects of P&R on the transport system at the subregional level. A key issue is the relative attractiveness of city centre car parks (CCCP), P&R and public transport. The paper presents the findings of a comparative empirical case-study based on a field survey of CCCP and P&R users conducted in the city of Bath, UK. Spatial and statistical analyses are applied. Radial distance to parking, availability of P&R sites in the direction of travel, gender, age, income and party-size are found to be important factors in a binary logistic regression model, explaining the revealed-preference of parking type. Stated analysis of foregone parking alternatives suggests more use of public transport and walking/cycling would likely occur without first-best parking alternatives. The policy implications and possible planning alternatives to P&R at the urban fringes for achieving greater sustainability goals are also discussed.
Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.
Clayton, W., Ben-Elia, E., Parkhurst, G. & Ricci, M. (2014). Where to park? A behavioural comparison of bus Park and Ride and city centre car park usage in Bath, UK. Journal of Transport Geography, Vol. 36, pp. 124–133.