Assessing the Potential for Reducing Life-Cycle Environmental Impacts through Transit-Oriented Development Infill along Existing Light Rail in Phoenix
mode - tram/light rail, place - north america, place - urban, land use - transit oriented development, planning - environmental impact, economics - benefits, land use - planning
air quality, energy, environment, greenhouse gases, growth management, housing, land use, life-cycle assessment, sustainability, transit-oriented development, transportation
There is significant interest in reducing urban growth impacts yet little information exists to comprehensively estimate the energy and air quality tradeoffs. An integrated transportation and land-use life-cycle assessment framework is developed to quantify the long-term impacts from residential infill, using the Phoenix light rail system as a case study. The results show that (1) significant reductions in life-cycle energy use, greenhouse gas emissions, respiratory, and smog impacts are possible; (2) building construction, vehicle manufacturing, and energy feedstock effects are significant; and (3) marginal benefits from reduced automobile use and potential household behavior changes exceed marginal costs from new rail service.
Permission to publish the abstract has been given by SAGE, copyright remains with them.
Kimball, M., Chester, M., Gino, C. & Reyna, J. (2013). Assessing the Potential for Reducing Life-Cycle Environmental Impacts through Transit-Oriented Development Infill along Existing Light Rail in Phoenix. Journal of Planning Education and Research, Vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 395-410.