An integrated Bayesian approach for passenger flow assignment in metro networks

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - asia, mode - subway/metro, technology - passenger information, operations - reliability, infrastructure - interchange/transfer, ridership - modelling


Bayesian inference, Metro network, Travel time, Smart card, Route choice


This paper proposes an integrated Bayesian statistical inference framework to characterize passenger flow assignment model in a complex metro network. In doing so, we combine network cost attribute estimation and passenger route choice modeling using Bayesian inference. We build the posterior density by taking the likelihood of observing passenger travel times provided by smart card data and our prior knowledge about the studied metro network. Given the high-dimensional nature of parameters in this framework, we apply the variable-at-a-time Metropolis sampling algorithm to estimate the mean and Bayesian confidence interval for each parameter in turn. As a numerical example, this integrated approach is applied on the metro network in Singapore. Our result shows that link travel time exhibits a considerable coefficient of variation about 0.17, suggesting that travel time reliability is of high importance to metro operation. The estimation of route choice parameters conforms with previous survey-based studies, showing that the disutility of transfer time is about twice of that of in-vehicle travel time in Singapore metro system.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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