Identification and classification of public transport activity centres in Stockholm using passenger flows data

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

infrastructure - interchange/transfer, infrastructure - station, land use - planning, place - europe, place - urban, technology - passenger information


Urban centres, Polycentric, Passenger flows, Spatial clustering, urban planning


Urban geography could be characterized by analysing the patterns that describe the flows of people and goods. Measuring urban structures is essential for supporting an evidence-based spatial planning policy. The objective of this study is to examine how the spatial–temporal distribution of public transport passenger flow could be used to reveal urban structure dynamics. A methodology to identify and classify centres based on mobility data was applied to Metropolitan Stockholm in Sweden using multi-modal public transport passenger flows. Stockholm is known for its long-term monocentric planning with a dominant central core and radial public transport system. Strategic nodes along its radial public transport system have been a focus for development of sub-centres. Although the regional planning policy embraces a shift towards a polycentric planning policy, the results indicate that this has not been realized insofar.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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