Modeling Bus Dwell Time and Time Lost Serving Stop in China

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

mode - bus, place - asia, infrastructure - stop, planning - methods


bus, dwell time, time lost serving stop, model


The primary objective of this study was to develop a quantitative approach to estimate bus dwell time and time lost serving stop, which included acceleration and deceleration time, dead time, and time for serving boarding and alighting passengers. A polynomial model incorporating kinematics of a particle was derived for estimating bus acceleration and deceleration time. In addition, descriptive statistics methods were used to analyze dead time. A case study was conducted to show the applicability of the proposed model with data collected from the seven most common types of bus stops in China. R-square and Mean Absolute Percentage Error (MAPE) were calculated to be 0.8840 and 13.20% for non-peak and 0.8387 and 13.46% for peak, indicating the method was well-validated and could be practically used in China. Further research can be conducted to investigate the effects of different weather conditions and locations on the performance of the proposed method.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by the Journal of Public Transportation, copyright remains with them.