Title

Optimal transit fare and service frequency of a nonlinear origin-destination based fare structure

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

2016

Subject Area

policy - fares, operations - frequency, ridership - behaviour, ridership - demand

Keywords

Transit fare structure, MPEC model, Principal–agent game, Nonlinear fare structure, Path-based stochastic transit assignment

Abstract

This paper proposes a new nonlinear distance-based transit fare structure, which is measured by a function of the Euclidean distance between the origin and destination stations, termed as Origin-Destination (OD)-based fare. The novel fare structure encourages passengers to freely choose the most efficient trip plan. An optimization model is formulated based on a three-party game (involving the transport authority, transit company, and passenger) to determine the optimal fare function and frequency. An artificial bee colony algorithm is adopted to solve the model. Finally, a numerical example is provided to verify the proposed method.

Rights

Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.

Comments

Transportation Research Part E Home Page:

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/13665545

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