Title

Efficiency evaluation of bus transit firms with and without consideration of environmental air-pollution emissions

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

2017

Subject Area

mode - bus, planning - environmental impact, technology - emissions

Keywords

Externalities, Undesirable output, Technical efficiency, Bus transits, Environmental emissions, SBM model

Abstract

This study examines the technical efficiency and environmental efficiency of bus transit firms using the slack-based measures (SBM) and non-separable slack-based measures (NSSBM) models with and without considerations of desirable and undesirable outputs. A case study based on data from 12 bus transit firms for the years 2007 to 2011 was conducted. Empirical results show that technical efficiency was affected by environmental pollution constraints from 2007 to 2011. The study has more general theoretical implications for the externalities literature as well.

Rights

Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.

Comments

Transportation Research Part D Home Page:

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/13619209

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