Simulation-based robust optimization for the schedule of single-direction bus transit route: The design of experiment
mode - bus, operations - performance, operations - scheduling
Transportation, Transit schedule, Robust optimization, Kriging metamodel, Design of experiment, Taguchi design
In this paper, the design of experiment (DOE) technique is used to formulate the robust schedule for the single-direction transit route. Factors affecting transit schedule performance are classified into two categories: the controllable and the uncontrollable. With Taguchi design method, these two types of factors are crossed mutually to carry out the Monte Carlo simulation to obtain the expected and variance values of the total schedule deviation. Next, two Kriging metamodels are fitted to describe relationships between controllable factors and the total transit schedule deviation. Based on these Kriging metamodels, the Pareto-optimal solution of the robust transit schedule is obtained.
Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.
Zhang, W., & Xu, W. (2017). Simulation-based robust optimization for the schedule of single-direction bus transit route: The design of experiment. Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Vol. 106, pp. 203-230.