Factors influencing travel mode choice among families with young children (aged 0–4): a review of the literature

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

ridership - behaviour, ridership - mode choice, ridership - young people, policy - sustainable, literature review - literature review


Young children’s travel, travel behaviour change, life events, parenthood, car dependence, public transport


Life events, such as the birth of a child, disrupt habitual travel behaviour and provide a valuable opportunity to influence the adoption of sustainable transport practices. However, in order for sustainable travel practices to be adopted, an understanding is required of the factors that influence travel mode choice among families with young children. Research in this field is particularly timely given many in the millennial generation, a comparably large cohort, are approaching this life stage. This comprehensive literature review develops a framework of factors influencing travel mode choice among families with young children. The findings reveal a multitude of factors influence decisions about mode choice, and, in particular, encourage travel by car, when travelling with young children. The paper concludes with an agenda for future research about travel among families with young children, a largely overlooked group of transport users.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Taylor&Francis, copyright remains with them.