Demand-Driven Transfer Coordination of Last Trains in Metro Network

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - asia, place - urban, mode - subway/metro, planning - signage/information, planning - travel demand management, ridership - demand, operations - coordination


metro, transfer, network accessibility, last train, travel information


Under the condition of metro network operation with one-ticket transfer, coordination of last trains is especially important because it is the last chance for many travelers to arrive at their destination. Considering passenger flow demand and operating time threshold, this paper proposes a methodology for the effective coordination of last trains, which can not only maximize the total number of passengers transferring successfully in the last-train period, but also improve network accessibility and shorten the time span of network accessibility. The hierarchical progressive algorithm and double-level evaluation indexes are put forward and applied to a case study of the Guangzhou Metro network. The results show that the number of passengers transferring successfully has increased by 10.4% and the method improves accessibility to the network. The research achievements can be applied to Apps and websites to provide passengers with travel information guidance, and can also be used to control the automatic vending machines to sell tickets.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by SAGE, copyright remains with them.