Public transportation in Great Britain viewed as a complex network

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - europe, mode - rail, operations - performance


Public transit, complex networks, fractals


In this paper, we investigate the topological and spatial features of public transport networks (PTN) within Great Britain. Networks investigated include London, Manchester, West Midlands, Bristol, national rail and coach networks during 2011. Using methods in complex network theory and statistical physics, we are able to discriminate PTN with respect to their stability, which is the first of this kind for national networks. Taking advantage of various fractal properties we gain useful insights into the serviceable area of stations. Moreover, we investigate universal load dynamics of these systems. These features can be employed as key performance indicators in aid of further developing efficient and stable PTN.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Taylor&Francis, copyright remains with them.