A subway planning bi-objective multi-period optimization model integrating timetabling and vehicle scheduling: a case study of Tehran

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - asia, mode - subway/metro, operations - scheduling, planning - integration, planning - methods


Timetabling problems, Vehicle scheduling, Multi-period planning, Subway network


Due to the interaction among different planning levels and various travel demands during a day, the transit network planning is of great importance. In this paper, a bi-objective multi-period planning model is proposed for the synchronization of timetabling and vehicle scheduling. The main aim of the problem is to minimize the weighted transfer waiting time in the interchange stations along with the operational costs of vehicles. In order to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed integrated model, a real case study of Tehran subway is considered. The proposed model is solved by the ε-constraint method and some outstanding results are achieved.


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