Indoor air quality and passenger thermal comfort in Beijing metro transfer stations

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

infrastructure - interchange/transfer, infrastructure - station, mode - subway/metro, place - asia, place - urban, planning - environmental impact, planning - methods


PM concentration, Passenger thermal comfort, Metro transfer, Metabolic rate, Station design


In this study, particulate matter was investigated as the primary pollutant in the air quality of Beijing Metro transfer stations, and passenger thermal comfort during the transfer process was evaluated by using the relative warmth index (RWI). Passenger thermal comfort level is not ideal in 87% of the measured space and is slightly hot overall, with an RWI range of 0.20–0.43. Although 20% of the measured space has lower values than ASHRAE’s cooling comfort class, the thermal comfort level of most measured space is good in winter morning rush hours, with an RWI range from −0.18 to 0.28. The particulate matter (PM) concentration is related not only to the season and spatial depth but also to the transfer design of the metro station. During the morning rush period, the concentration ranges difference of PM10 and PM2.5 in winter are 262.9 μg/m3 and 125.5 μg/m3, respectively, which are 1.43 and 1.46 times higher than those of in summer. There are significant differences in the PM concentration and RWI values between the island and lateral platforms of Beijing Metro transfer stations, and the design of the lateral platform is superior to that of the island platform. Another exploratory experiment is conducted to determine if the PM concentration has a potential effect on human metabolic rate. The data in this paper provide a valuable reference for further comfort research and environmental control in metro station, and the conclusions may guide the further underground space design of metro transfer stations.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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