Investigating urban metro stations as cognitive places in cities using points of interest
mode - subway/metro, place - asia, place - urban, infrastructure - station, technology - geographic information systems, land use - impacts
Metro station, Cognitive region, Place, Point of interest, Web page, TF-IDF
The significance of urban metro stations extends beyond their roles as transport nodes in a city. Their surroundings are usually well-developed and attract a lot of human activities, which make the metro station areas important cognitive places characterized by vague boundaries and rich semantics. Current studies mainly define metro station areas based on an estimation of walking distance to the stations (e.g., 700 m) and investigate these areas from the perspectives of transportation and land use instead of as cognitive places perceived by the crowd. To fill this gap, this study proposes a novel framework for extracting and understanding the cognitive regions of urban metro stations based on points of interest (POIs). First, we extract the cognitive regions of metro stations based on co-occurrence patterns of the stations and their surrounding POIs on web pages by proposing a cohesive approach combined of spatial clustering, web page extraction, knee-point detection, and polygon generation techniques. Second, we identify the semantics of metro stations based on POI types inside the regions using the term frequency-inverse document frequency (TF-IDF) method. In total 166 metro stations along with more than one million POIs in Shenzhen, China are utilized as data sources of the case study. The results indicate that our proposed framework can well detect the place characteristics of urban metro stations, which enriches the place-based GIS research and provides a human-centric perspective for urban planning and location-based-service (LBS) applications.
Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.
Liu, K., Qiu, P., Gao, S., Lu, F., Jiang, J., & Yin, L. (2020). Investigating urban metro stations as cognitive places in cities using points of interest. Cities, Volume 97, 102561.