Employing land value capture in urban rail transit public private partnerships: Retrospective analysis of Delhi's airport metro express

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - asia, place - urban, mode - subway/metro, mode - rail, ridership - forecasting, ridership - demand, organisation - privatisation, economics - finance, economics - value capture


Public-private partnership, Demand forecast, Finance, Land value capture, Rail


The employment of Land Value Capture (LVC) has been widely considered as a financial mechanism that can ensure the economic viability of Urban Rail Transit (URT) systems that are procured using a Public-Private Partnerships (PPP). In this paper, we conduct a retrospective analysis of Delhi's Airport Express Rail Line that was procured using a PPP in conjunction with LVC. We provide insights into the issues that stymied its development and operation, specifically focusing on its: (1) over-optimistic transit demand forecast; (2) aggressive bidding; and (3) underestimating the LVC's contribution to the project's viability. The new knowledge that we present is then used to provide recommendations for policy-makers to reflect upon before considering URT PPPs in combination with LVC.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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