Analysis of adding-runs strategy for peak-hour regular bus services
mode - bus, operations - crowding, operations - scheduling, planning - methods
Peak-hour crowding, Adding bus runs, User equilibrium, System optimum, Bi-level programming problem
This paper proposes an adding-runs strategy to alleviate in-vehicle crowding for peak-hour bus services. Passengers’ departure time choices under user equilibrium and system optimum conditions are investigated with and without adding-runs strategy. A bi-level programming model is developed to determine the optimal adding-runs strategy. An artificial bee colony algorithm is adopted to solve the proposed bi-level problem. Numerical examples show that the adding-runs strategy is effective in alleviating crowding effects and reducing schedule delay in peak-hour bus services. The total system cost can be reduced by more than 8% with the optimal adding-runs strategy.
Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.
An, Q., Fu, X., Huang, D., Cheng, Q., & Liu, Z. (2020). Analysis of adding-runs strategy for peak-hour regular bus services. Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Vol. 143, 102100.