Case comparison of typical transit-oriented-development stations in Tokyo district in the context of sustainability: Spatial visualization analysis based on FAHP and GIS

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - asia, place - urban, mode - rail, land use - transit oriented development, land use - planning, policy - sustainable


Sustainability TODness, Tokyo district, Railway stations, OSM data, Impedance pedestrian catchment area, (IPCA), Fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (FAHP) and ArcGIS, Pros and cons of each station, Policy attention


Sustainability in transportation development has been a fixture in recent discourse. TODness is a principle that evaluates the extent to which sites meet Traffic-Oriented Development (TOD). To an extent, it reflects some criteria for sustainable transportation development. Based on the TODness, this paper develops a comprehensive index called “Sustainable TODness” around the four dimensions of sustainable development—environmental, economic, social, and transportation efficiency—combined with the Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process. Using this index, an evaluation of 13 TOD stations in the Tokyo metropolitan area was carried out, and the impedance pedestrian catchment area of each station was spatially analyzed in conjunction with the geographic information system to generate a heat map of indicators’ distribution. According to the spatial characteristics reflected by the heat map, the stations are divided into three categories. We found that some popular TOD stations have high scores on the economic level, but have more or fewer deficiencies in the other three dimensions. We believe that the research method in this article is applicable to the sustainability evaluation of any TOD site in the world and provides new ideas for the renewal of developed urban areas and new land use in the future.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


Sustainable Cities and Society