A multi-level governance response to the Covid-19 crisis in public transport
place - europe, organisation - governance, organisation - structures
Covid-19, Multi-level governance, Informal governance, Decision-making, State-aid, Financial crisis
This paper examines the Dutch policy reaction to the financial crisis in the public transport sector caused by Covid-19. Using the multi-level governance theory complemented with the notion of informal governance, the analysis explains the decision-making that defined a State-aid scheme to public transport operators following a process of consultation and concertation between state and non-state actors across governance tiers. To agree on a financial rescue package, these actors engage in front-stage and back-stage political interactions, constrained and enabled by formal and informal governance structures and practices. By analyzing how the interplay between the political mobilization of actors, policy-making arrangements, and existing polity structures shapes political alignment around the financial support scheme, the paper concludes that the crisis did not change customary governance and policy-making practices. Stakeholders sought their usual partners and followed existing routines in path-dependent ways to address the policy challenge brought by Covid-19. Despite being triggered by a major exogenous shock, the policy response to the crisis was driven mainly by endogenous forces; the decision-making mechanism remained the same and the network of actors did not shrink or expand.
Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.
Hirschhorn, F. (2021). A multi-level-governance response to the Covid-19 crisis in public transport. Transport Policy, Vol. 112, pp. 13-21.
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