The impacts of the built environment on bicycle-metro transfer trips: A new method to delineate metro catchment area based on people's actual cycling space

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

mode - bike, mode - subway/metro, place - urban, planning - integration, ridership - behaviour, land use - impacts


Transfer cycling, Bicycle-metro catchment area, Built environment, Uncertain geographic context problem (UGCoP)


Bicycle-metro integration is an efficient method of solving the “last mile” issue around metro stations. Built environment is believed to have a significant effect on cycling behavior. However, transfer cycling around metro stations, as a specific type of cycling behavior, has often been overlooked in transport research. In addition, static contextual units such as circular or street-network buffers are typically used to delineate metro catchment areas of transfer cycling trips. These methods are inaccurate to represent the actual geographic contexts of cycling trips, according to the uncertain geographic context problem (UGCoP). Thus, in this study, bicycle-metro catchment areas are delineated based on aggregating the end points of over three million transfer cycling trips. The impact of the built environment on transfer cycling behavior is also explored.

First, we find that the aggregate-points buffer outperforms traditional static buffers in predicting transfer cycling trips. Second, we also identify a high level of spatial heterogeneity in catchment area and transfer cycling density between urban and suburban areas. Third, residential and working population density, bus stop density, and metro stations accessibility have a significant effect on bicycle-metro transfer cycling.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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