Procuring urban rail transit infrastructure by integrating land value capture and public-private partnerships: Learning from the cities of Delhi and Hong Kong

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - asia, place - urban, mode - rail, mode - subway/metro, mode - mass transit, land use - impacts, economics - value capture


Delhi, Hong Kong, PPP, Urban rail transit, Land value capture


Worldwide, the private sector has actively participated in delivering transport infrastructure assets in cities. Typically, Private Participation in Infrastructure (PPI) approaches have been used to deliver urban rail transit (URT) systems. Public-Private Partnership (PPP) agreements or variants thereof have been the procurement method of choice by governments. However, PPPs have been unable to provide governments with value for money and concessionaires with sufficient operating revenues. The corollary, in this case, has meant that governments have been drawn to consider alternative forms of financing to procure and support the economic viability of a city's URTs. Land value capture (LVC) has been identified as a potential finance mechanism that can be integrated with a PPP to ensure its economic success. There are, however, only a limited number of cities that have integrated LVC with a PPP to successfully their URT projects. In this paper, an exploratory case study approach is used to learn from the experiences of Delhi Airport Metro Express and Hong Kong's Mass Transit Rail. Consequently, we develop a conceptual model that integrates land value capture and PPPs that can assist policy-makers with the procurement of their rail infrastructure. The implications of our developed model for procurement policy are presented.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.