Job and worker density and transit network dynamics

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - north america, place - urban, mode - bus, land use - impacts, infrastructure - stop, ridership - demand


accessibility, density, Granger Causality, land use, public transport, Twin Cities


This paper proposes a general framework to explore the interaction between land use and transport systems. Hypotheses about those relationships are generated. A series of statistical tests are conducted to explain the co-development of land use and transit networks for metropolitan areas at a micro-geographic scale and to disentangle causes and effects. The specific case of Minneapolis - Saint Paul (Twin Cities) metropolitan is examined using a panel of block-level land use and stop-level transit data. The results show that the development of land use, specifically, resident workers, can lead to the increase in bus demand, and thus further induce the increase in bus supply; the co-development of bus demand and supply is simultaneous on a yearly basis.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Taylor&Francis, copyright remains with them.