Integrated charging infrastructure planning and charging scheduling for battery electric bus systems
mode - bus, infrastructure - maintainance, infrastructure - fleet management, planning - methods
electric bus, charging infrastructure, charging scheduling
Studies on the electric bus system planning problem have typically focused exclusively on either the deployment of charging infrastructure or the scheduling of charging events; few have examined the impact of charging facility deployment on charging activities. Considering the interdependence of system design and operational strategies, this study proposes a two-phase optimization framework for charging infrastructure planning and charging scheduling for battery electric bus systems. An integrated optimization model is first developed to simultaneously optimize charger deployment, on-board battery capacity, and charging schedules. A charging scheduling model is further proposed and a rolling horizon approach is utilized in the second phase to optimize the real-time charging scheduling of electric buses. Compared to existing electric bus system planning methods, the proposed integrated model can reduce the total system cost by 19.5%. In addition, compared to uncontrolled charging, the proposed rolling horizon-based charging strategy can reduce the total charging cost by 68.3%.
Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.
He, Y., Liu, Z., & Song, Z. (2022). Integrated charging infrastructure planning and charging scheduling for battery electric bus systems. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, Vol. 111, 103437.
Transportation Research Part D Home Page: