Quantitative resilience assessment of the network-level metro rail service's responses to the COVID-19 pandemic

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - north america, place - urban, mode - subway/metro, mode - tram/light rail, mode - bus, operations - performance, ridership - modelling, ridership - behaviour


Resilience, Metro rail system, Ridership, Pandemic, Quantitative assessment


The metro rail system has proven to be the most efficient high-capacity carriers. During the unprecedented coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) challenge, non-pharmaceutical interventions become a widely adopted strategy to limit physical movements and interactions. For situational awareness and decision support, data-driven analytics about serviceability are invaluable to metro agencies and decision-makers of cities. This paper presents a data-driven analytical framework that quantitatively evaluates COVID-19-caused resilience performance of metro rails. Several characteristics (e.g., vulnerability, robustness, rapidity, and degree to return) of the metro system's responses to the disturbance were identified and modeled with multivariate multiple regression. The applicability and rationality of the resilience evaluation model were validated by the metro transit data of the United States. The preliminary results disclosed that metro rail transit encountered more vulnerability (90.6%) in passenger trips than motorbus and light rail (around 70%). A set of statistical models were employed to disentangle the effect of socio-demographic variables and COVID-19-related factors on the metro transit. The disclosed emerging knowledge of resilience provides an in-depth understanding of mobility trends for the public and time-sensitive decision support for the policy effects, to further improve the service and management of the metro system under the spread of the epidemic.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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