Autonomous Minibus Service With Semi-on-Demand Routes in Grid Networks

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - north america, place - urban, mode - bus, mode - demand responsive transit, technology - automatic vehicle monitoring, ridership - demand, planning - route design, planning - methods


Autonomous minibus service, semi-on-demand routes


This paper investigates the potential of autonomous minibuses which take on-demand directional routes for pick-up and drop-off in a grid network of wider area with low density, followed by fixed routes in areas with greater demand. Mathematical formulation for generalized costs demonstrates its benefits, with indicators proposed to select existing bus routes for conversion with the options of zonal express and parallel routes. Simulations on modeled scenarios and case studies with bus routes in Chicago show reductions in both passenger costs and generalized costs compared with existing fixed-route bus services between suburban areas and the central business district.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by SAGE, copyright remains with them.