Title

PERCEPTIONS IN MODE CHOICE USING SITUATIONAL APPROACH: TRIP-BY-TRIP MULTIVARIATE ANALYSIS FOR PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

1998

Subject Area

ridership - mode choice, ridership - perceptions, mode - mass transit

Keywords

Trip characteristics, Travel and shipment characteristics, Transit, Social factors, Residential location, Public transit, Place of residence, Perceptions (Psychology), Perception, Multivariate analysis, Mode choice, Modal choice, Mass transit, Local transit, Household resources, Economic factors, Constraints, Choice of transportation

Abstract

Objective and subjective constraints that trip makers face are analyzed by using a trip-by-trip multivariate unbalanced panel analysis. These constraints emerge from trip makers' stated reasons and dispositions for why a given mode was not used for their trips. A finite set of behavioral dimensions (situations), which are general, system, and service constraints, lack of information about the modes, negative disposition toward a mode, and time, comfort, and cost considerations were derived from open-ended questions on the respondents' stated reasons. The presence of these situations, for each trip a person made in a day, is explained in terms of social and economic characteristics of the trip maker, place of residence, household resources, and trip characteristics. As expected, stated reasons for not using a specific mode vary with respect to the mode chosen, and they change within a day in a nonlinear manner depending on a person's schedule. Illustrated is another facet of unobserved heterogeneity represented in the radically different individual perceptions, which have been recognized as important components in dynamic behavior simulation studies.