PASSENGER TRAIN DESIGN FOR INCREASED COMPETITIVENESS
ridership - mode choice, ridership - demand, organisation - competition
Vibration control, Ventilation systems, Upgrading, Updating, Travel models (Travel demand), Travel demand, Speed, Seats, Seating, Seat design, Passenger trains, Noise control, Noise abatement, Modernization, Mode choice, Modal choice, Design, Consumers' preferences, Consumer preferences, Competition, Climate control, Choice of transportation, Amenities, Air conditioning systems
Passenger trains have great potential to increase their market share, provided that good conditions are created for train traffic. This has been proven by modern, comfortable trains with good on-board service, high speed, and fewer quality shortcomings. One serious threat is that high ticket prices limit demand. Efficiency has to be increased. Operating costs can be reduced using modular train configurations, increased space utilization, double-deckers, or wide trains and higher speeds. The last example, higher speeds, also increases the attractiveness of traveling by train. Other factors to increase attractiveness - where stated preference interviews show that passengers' willingness to pay is high - include low noise and vibration levels, good ventilation (air-conditioning), varied seat configuration with adjustable seats, play areas for children, and service attributes, such as radio/music outlets at seats and free coffee and tea in each car. The impression of modernity itself also plays an important role in enhancing the level of attractiveness.
KOTTENHOFF, K. (1998). PASSENGER TRAIN DESIGN FOR INCREASED COMPETITIVENESS. Transportation Research Record, Vol. 1623, p. 144-151.