Title

INTERNATIONAL INTERMODALITY ASPECTS OF THE BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA TRANSPORT MASTER PLAN

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

2002

Subject Area

land use - planning, mode - rail

Keywords

Transportation planning, Road transportation, Railroad transportation, Rail transportation, Master plans, International trade, Intermodal transportation, Intermodal systems, Infrastructure, Highway transportation, Herzegovina, Foreign trade, Civil aviation facilities, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Aviation facilities, Air transportation facilities, Aeronautical facilities

Abstract

The declaration of independence of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) from the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia at the end of 1991 was soon followed by a devastating war lasting 3-1/2 years. This war completely shattered the economy and resulted in large-scale transport infrastructure damage. Transport links leading to or near lines of confrontation suffered extensive damage; over 2,000 km of the main road network were partially or totally destroyed, including more than 70 major bridges. Most railway lines were rendered inoperable, public transport facilities and vehicles were damaged or run down, and civilian aviation ceased to function. This article examines intermodal aspects of the BiH Transport Master Plan, drawn up to rebuild the transportation infrastructure of this war-ravaged country, and study how these aspects relate to issues of international trade.