Title

A MODEL FOR TIME OF DAY AND MODE CHOICE USING ERROR COMPONENTS LOGIT

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

2003

Subject Area

operations - traffic, ridership - mode choice, policy - congestion, mode - rail

Keywords

Travel time, Travel behavior, Transportation policy, Traffic simulation, Traffic models, Traffic congestion, Time of day, Stated preferences, Rush hour, Railroad travel, Periods of the day, Peak periods, Peak hour traffic, Netherlands, Mode choice, Modal choice, Logits, Logit models, Journey time, Gridlock (Traffic), Choice of transportation, Automobile use, Automobile usage, Automobile travel

Abstract

The Dutch National Model System has been used for over ten years to predict the response of travelers to a wide range of developments, including changing travel times or the imposition of time-dependent road user charging. One of the results of these simulations has been that the choice of when to travel greatly affects the amount of congestion on the road network and that policies aimed at spreading out peak travel can be effective instruments to relieve congestion. This paper presents a new error components logit model for the joint choice of time of day and mode, using data from a stated preference survey into the time of day choice of travelers by car and train in The Netherlands. Findings suggest that time of day choice is sensitive to changes in peak travel time and cost, and that policies that increase these peak attributes will lead to peak spreading. However, in general, the time of day sensitivities to travel time and cost changes in the sample appear to be lower than ten years ago.

Comments

Transportation Research Part E Home Page: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/13665545