Title

TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY IN TRANSIT SYSTEMS: 1983-1988

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

1992

Subject Area

mode - bus, mode - mass transit

Keywords

Transit, Public transit, Productivity, Production rate, Performance, Output, Mass transit, Local transit, Intracity bus transportation, Costs, Cost analysis, Bus transit, Analysis

Abstract

Performance in single mode bus transit systems is analyzed in this paper. The paper points to two potential problems in using partial productivity and other measures in assessing the performance levels of transit systems. One solution suggested is total factor productivity which is shown to be mathematically related to many of the traditional measures of performance. Next, total factor productivity is determined using data for a sample of single mode bus transit systems. As part of the analysis, a neoclassical cost function is developed which allows for decomposition of total factor productivity among technical change and economies of scale. The major conclusions include growth of total factor productivity of 1.1 percent per year and technical growth of 1.14 percent per year. Growth of total factor productivity is attributed to output, the productivities of all inputs and technical change. Policy implications of these findings are examined.

Comments

Transportation Research Part A Home Page: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/09658564