FACTORS AFFECTING EUROPEAN PRIVATIZATION AND DEREGULATION POLICIES IN LOCAL PUBLIC TRANSPORT: THE EVIDENCE FROM SCANDINAVIA
organisation - regulation, organisation - privatisation, place - europe, mode - mass transit
Transportation economics, Transport economics, Transit, Sweden, Subsidies, Public transit, Private operators, Private carriers, Norway, Mass transit, Local transit, Europe, Economics, Deregulation, Denmark
This paper concerns itself with the question of the forces behind privatization and regulatory reform in local public transport in Europe. The paper gives a review of current discussions and sets forward the hypothesis that even though there is much evidence to support a process of privatization and deregulation (with a vague rationale), much can be seen as a political process; the real objectives of change can be found in policies advocating the need for reduced public expenditure and subsidies. The Scandinavian experience is dealt with and the results of change of policies are analyzed.
ANDERSEN, B, (1992). FACTORS AFFECTING EUROPEAN PRIVATIZATION AND DEREGULATION POLICIES IN LOCAL PUBLIC TRANSPORT: THE EVIDENCE FROM SCANDINAVIA, Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Volume 26, Issue 2, p. 179-191.