Planning, operation, and control of bus transport systems: A literature review

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

mode - bus, technology - intelligent transport systems, planning - network design, operations - coordination


Literature review, Bus transport systems, Planning, Operation, Real-time control


The efficiency of a transport system depends on several elements, such as available technology, governmental policies, the planning process, and control strategies. Indeed, the interaction between these elements is quite complex, leading to intractable decision making problems. The planning process and real-time control strategies have been widely studied in recent years, and there are several practical implementations with promising results. In this paper, we review the literature on Transit Network Planning problems and real-time control strategies suitable to bus transport systems. Our goal is to present a comprehensive review, emphasizing recent studies as well as works not addressed in previous reviews.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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