Title

IMPACT OF TRAFFIC CONGESTION ON BUS TRAVEL TIME IN NORTHERN NEW JERSEY

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

2004

Subject Area

operations - traffic, policy - congestion, mode - bus

Keywords

Travel time, Traffic congestion, Regression analysis, Regression, New Jersey, Journey time, Intracity bus transportation, Gridlock (Traffic), Bus transit

Abstract

Traffic congestion in Northern New Jersey imposes a substantial time operational penalty on bus service. The purpose of a project was to quantify the additional travel time that buses need because of traffic congestion. A regression model was developed to estimate the travel time rate (in minutes per mile) of a bus as a function of car traffic time rate, number of passengers boarding per mile, and the number of bus stops per mile. The model was used to estimate the bus travel time rate if cars were traveling under free-flow conditions, and the results were compared with the observed bus travel times.