Title

SIMULATION ANALYSIS FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF AN ELECTRIC VEHICLE-SHARING SYSTEM: CASE OF THE KYOTO PUBLIC-CAR SYSTEM

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

2002

Subject Area

infrastructure - station, infrastructure - vehicle, organisation - management, mode - car

Keywords

Station cars (Car sharing), Station cars, Simulation, Management, Kyoto (Japan), Genetic algorithms, Electric vehicles, Economic efficiency, Computer simulation, Case studies, Car sharing, Battery powered vehicles

Abstract

A multistation electric vehicle (EV)-sharing system has been in operation on an experimental basis in Kyoto, Japan. Members of the system can check out EVs at a station and return them at any station. To reduce the cost of system operation, EVs are not reallocated to stations by the operator. This feature, at the same time, may delimit the efficiency of the system because of the mismatch between the spatial distribution of the demand and the distribution of EVs among the stations. A simulation model of system operation is constructed and the optimal management of the system configured using genetic algorithms, with the number of checkouts per vehicle set as the objective function to be maximized. The number of vehicles, parking capacity at each station, and number of members are among the decision variables. The results suggest that the optimal number of EVs is about half the total number of parking stalls. This implies that the efficiency of the system does not necessarily improve as more EVs are introduced. Also, the results suggest that even if a new station is introduced into the system, the efficiency does not necessarily improve.