Travel mode preference in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: empirical observations

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - africa, place - urban, planning - surveys, policy - congestion, policy - environment, ridership - mode choice


Urban travel, mode choice, public transit, Addis Ababa


This research paper analyzes urban travel mode preference in Addis Ababa using a survey distributed to 457 public transit users. The article highlights the details of individual travel and then discusses the implications of the travel patterns for transport policy in the city. The study employed percentages and run multinomial logistic regression to analyze the relationship between mode choice, travel characteristics and socio-economic features of individuals. In terms of mode choice and the influential factors, the analysis shows that income, age, travel expenditure and distance are the determining factors that affect mode choice. It was also found that the privately owned public transport, Taxi (mini-bus) and Higer (midi-bus) form the dominant mode of transport used by closely half percent (41.3%) of the survey respondents. On the basis of our analysis, we suggest that policies have to be devised to make government owned public transport service better in order to support a shift from using low occupancy vehicles to high occupancy vehicles which ultimately solve the problem of congestion and environmental pollution.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Taylor&Francis, copyright remains with them.