Assessing cumulative environmental effects from major public transport projects

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

planning - surveys, planning - environmental impact, land use - impacts, ridership - commuting, policy - environment, policy - sustainable, economics - appraisal/evaluation, mode - tram/light rail, mode - mass transit, literature review - literature review


United Kingdom, Trolley cars, Transit, Trams, Sustainable development, Sustainability, Recommendations, Public transit, Mass transit, Local transit, Literature surveys, Literature reviews, Land use, Great Britain, Frameworks, Evaluation and assessment, Environmental impacts, Environmental impact analysis, Environmental effects, Cumulative impacts, Case studies


The conventional assessment of proposed major UK transport schemes has not served to highlight well the induced and interacting nature of environmental impacts. This article identifies links between Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) and Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), using the Cross River Tram in London as an illustrative case study. From a literature review and local authority interviews, a framework and recommendations for the assessment of major transport projects are set out. For transport projects where environmental and land-use impacts are likely, it is suggested that Cumulative Effects Assessment (CEA) has the potential to make a strong positive contribution to the assessment of transport projects for sustainable urban development.


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