Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

infrastructure - stop, policy - parking, place - urban, place - cbd, mode - bus, mode - mass transit, mode - park and ride


Utilization, Urban areas, United Kingdom, Transit, Stop (Public transportation), Public transit, Parking lots, Park and ride, Mass transit, Local transit, Intracity bus transportation, Great Britain, Fringe parking, Downtowns, Commuters, City centers, Central business districts, Bus transit, Bus stops


A recently published United Kingdom study reports that well-designed, bus-based park-and-ride schemes reduce the number of cars entering urban centers and lead to an overall decrease in private-car mileage. The size of the reduction in each urban center depended on the extent to which sites were located further out from the urban area that they served, ideally at the intersection of radial and orbital routes. Users indicated that they found park and ride easier and cheaper than parking in the town center and that the service available was convenient, quick, and reliable. The main reasons given for not using the park and ride were that it was quicker and easier to drive in to the urban center, the duration of the stay in the urban center did not make use of park and ride worthwhile, town-center parking was available, and other reasons of personal convenience. Abstraction from public transport was most likely where a park-and-ride site was located close to an urban center and local bus services, with users choosing to take advantage of the superior service offered by park and ride.