K E. Heanue

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

land use - transit oriented development, land use - planning, place - urban, mode - subway/metro


Urban development, Transportation policy, Transportation planning, Transit oriented development, Strategies, Strategic planning, State government, Priorities, Objectives, Neighborhoods, National government, Metropolitan planning organizations, Local government, Land use planning, Land use, Goals, Federal government, Federal aid, Development, Communities


The first challenge in transportation harmonization is the recognition that agreement on either transportation proposals or community values is almost impossible to achieve. The general population, elected officials, community planners, and even transportation professionals are often polarized regarding desirable characteristics of plans for either transportation or development. The federal-aid program structure and the metropolitan planning process provide for a fair amount of harmonization by establishing a process for highway and transit trade-offs. The metropolitan process also provides for the quantification of transportation requirements resulting from land-use plans or from actual development. Because federal and state governments have passed on the responsibility of development as well as most transportation authority, harmonization of transportation and community values should be focused at the metropolitan, local-government, and project levels. At the project or neighborhood scale, harmonization occurs when policies, standards, and techniques are employed whose use is responsive to strategies adopted in a strategic-planning process or that reflect elements of adopted transportation or land-use plans. Traffic calming, transit-oriented development, neotraditional developments, flexible application of design standards, enhanced landscaping, and adequate public-facilities ordinances come into play at this scale.