M Croc

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

operations - capacity, operations - traffic, planning - safety/accidents, land use - planning, policy - fares, policy - parking, place - urban, mode - mass transit, mode - subway/metro, mode - pedestrian


Urban transportation, Urban planning, Transportation policy, Transportation planning, Transit, Traffic restraint, Town planning, Through highways, Thoroughfares, Thorofares, Streets, Public transit, Pedestrian safety, Parking capacity, Parking, Metropolitan area planning, Mass transit, Main roads, Local transit, Limited access highways, Intracity transportation, France, Expressways, Express highways, Community planning, City streets, City planning, Boulevards, Automobiles, Arterial streets, Arterial highways


The regional and urban characteristics of Marseilles and its topographic limitations are noted, and its public transport organizational structure is described. The city's need for a global transport policy and the formation of the Office for Coordination of Transport, Traffic and Parking in Marseilles (OCOTRAM) is described. The objectives of the transport policy for the next 10 to 15 years would be to give priority to public transport, improve pedestrian safety and comfort, and control automobile traffic and parking. To achieve this, 4 main plans of action were advocated: accelerated development of an independent public transport system; optimum use of existing infrastructures; development of the arterial road network; and construction of a limited number of urban expressways. Lessons learned from experience to date are discussed. Proposals for the next 15 years are discussed. The common objectives that must be covered by transport and town planning policies are listed. Ways of achieving good cohesion between urban development and transportation are pointed out.