Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

operations - traffic, planning - surveys, ridership - commuting, place - cbd, mode - bus, mode - rail, mode - mass transit


Weekdays, Travel patterns, Transit operators, Transit, Traffic counts, Traffic census, Surveys, Rapid transit, Public transit, Passenger counting, New York City, New York (New York), Mass transit, Local transit, Heavy rail transit, Ferries, Downtowns, Data collection, Data acquisition, Commuting, City centers, Central business districts, Access


The annual Manhattan Hub-Bound Travel Surveys are described, which provide key information for measuring changes in weekday travel patterns entering and leaving the CBD (central business district). The information from these surveys is used by operating agencies in efforts to maintain acceptable access to Manhattan and to study ways to improve the quality of the environment. The New York Metropolitan Transportation Council coordinates the various activities for the survey among 15 operating agencies, both transit and highway. Hourly information on passengers and vehicles entering and leaving the CBD over the 24-hour period is collected by the operating agencies, who then forward the statistics to the council, which then summarizes the data and publishes it. The conduct of the survey is briefly described and the historical trends in the data generated is discussed. 1985 data are tabulated and discussed. It was found that the predominant travel to the CBD is public transportation, and rail rapid transit carried 49% of the total arrivals. The increase in patronage of the rail rapid transit system, and the Staten Island Ferry are noted. The gateways that contributed the highest volume of travelers are also noted. Reverse travelers, i.e., those traveling contrary to the predominant direction are also discussed.