Optimizing Bus Stop Spacing in Urban Areas

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

infrastructure - stop, planning - network design, ridership - commuting, ridership - demand, place - urban, mode - bus


Urban areas, Travel models (Travel demand), Travel demand, Stop (Public transportation), Spacing, Optimization, Optimisation, Network design, Motor coaches, Mathematical models, Intracity bus transportation, Buses, Bus transit, Bus stops


This work develops a bi-level optimization model for locating bus stops to minimize the social cost of the overall transport system. The work takes into account possible changes in demand due to different bus stop locations considering congestion on buses, interaction with private traffic, operational variables (fleet, frequency, operator budgets), and the socio-demographic characteristics of each zone in the urban area. Finally, the technique is applied to a real case and a sensitivity analysis is performed to check how the different variables analysed influence the solution provided by the model.


Transportation Research Part E Home Page: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/13665545