In-use measurement of the activity, fuel use, and emissions of eight cement mixer trucks operated on each of petroleum diesel and soy-based B20 biodiesel

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

infrastructure - vehicle


Vehicle exhaust, Pollutants, Heavy duty trucks, Fuel consumption, Exhaust gases, Exhaust emissions, Emissions, Diesel trucks, Diesel fuels, Concrete mixers, Biodiesel fuels, Automobile exhaust


In-use micro-scale fuel use and emission rates were measured for eight cement mixer trucks using a portable emission measurement system. Each vehicle was tested on petroleum diesel and B20 biodiesel. Average fuel use and emission rates increase monotonically versus engine manifold absolute pressure. A typical duty cycle includes loading at a cement plant, transit while loaded from the cement plant to work site, creeping in a queue of vehicles at the worksite, unloading, and transit without load from the site to the plant. For B20 versus petroleum diesel, there is no significant change in the rate of fuel use, CO2 emissions, and NO emissions, and significant decreases in emissions for CO, hydrocarbons, and particulate matter. For loaded versus unloaded onroad travel, fuel use and CO2 emissions rates are approximately 60% higher and the rates for other pollutants are approximately 30-50% higher. A substantial portion of cycle emissions occurred at the work site. Inter-vehicle and intra-cycle variability are also quantified using the micro-scale methodology.


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